Nevus/ mole

At Dr Tayyab saleem malik clinic (Cosmetic Enclave)

A nevus, commonly known as a mole, is a common skin growth that occurs when clusters of pigmented cells (melanocytes) accumulate in one area of the skin. Moles can vary in size, shape, and color, and can appear anywhere on the body, including the face, neck, arms, and legs. Most moles are benign and harmless, but some may require medical attention if they exhibit certain characteristics or changes.

Here are some key points about moles:

  1. Types of Moles: There are different types of moles, including common moles, atypical moles (dysplastic nevi), and congenital moles (present at birth). Common moles are usually small, round, and uniform in color. Atypical moles may have irregular borders, varying colors, and larger sizes. Congenital moles are present at birth and can vary greatly in size and appearance.
  2. Appearance: Moles can be flat or raised, smooth or rough, and can range in color from pink to tan, brown, or black. They may also have hair growing from them. Moles can evolve over time, changing in size, shape, or color. While most changes are harmless, any sudden or significant changes should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.
  3. Concerning Features: Certain features of a mole may indicate a need for medical evaluation. These features, known as the ABCDEs, include Asymmetry (one half does not match the other), Border irregularity, Color variation within the mole, Diameter larger than 6 millimeters (about the size of a pencil eraser), and Evolution (changes in size, shape, or color over time). If a mole exhibits any of these features, it is recommended to have it assessed by a dermatologist.
  4. Skin Cancer Risk: While the majority of moles are harmless, some moles can develop into skin cancer, particularly malignant melanoma. Regular self-examination of moles and monitoring for changes is important for early detection of potential skin cancer. It is also advisable to protect the skin from excessive sun exposure and to use sun protection measures, such as wearing sunscreen and protective clothing.

If you have concerns about a mole, it is recommended to consult with a dermatologist, a medical professional specializing in skin health. They can evaluate the mole, assess its characteristics, and determine whether further investigation or removal is necessary. Dermatologists may perform a skin biopsy to analyze the mole’s cells and identify any abnormalities.

Overall, most moles are harmless, but it is important to be aware of any changes or concerning features. Regular self-examination, sun protection, and prompt medical evaluation can help ensure early detection and appropriate management of any potential issues related to moles.